Jargon buster: 'Questions' to 'root words'

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A question is a sentence that is used to find out information.

You can tell that a sentence is a question because:
- It ends with a question mark.
- It asks something.
- If there is a modal verb, it usually comes before the subject.
- It might start with 'how', 'when', 'what', 'why' or 'where'.

Video: Explore sentence types

Question mark ?

A question mark comes at the end of a sentence which is asking a question.

For example: Where are you? What is your favourite colour?

Quiet reading

Children reading by themselves for a short time.



The difference between the highest and lowest numbers in any given group of numbers (for example, the age range of a group of children is the difference between the age of the oldest child and the age of the youngest child).


A way of comparing the amounts of different things. For example, if a recipe asks for flour and sugar in a ratio of 2:1, it means that you need 2 lots of flour for every 1 lot of sugar that you put in.

Each thing in a ratio needs to be measured in the same kind of unit. So, if a recipe asks for flour and sugar in a ratio of 2:1 and you put in 2 cups of flour, you need to put in 1 cup of sugar. If you put in 2 kilograms of flour, you need to put in 1 kilogram of sugar and if you put in 2 bathtubs of flour, then you need to put in 1 bathtub of sugar!

You may also see ratios on map scales. In this case, it tells you the relationship between the distance on the map and the distance in real life. For example, 1:10,000 would mean that 1cm on the map represents an actual distance of 10,000cm.

Read at Home/Take Home

The books that children bring home to practise reading with you.

Reading age

This is an average reading level we would usually 'expect' for a child of any specified age. It is only a guide.

Reading fluency

When children are reading easily with confidence and expression and at pace.

Reading Recovery

Reading Recovery is a short-term teaching programme of one-to-one tutoring for children identified as underachieving at seven years of age.

Reading stamina

A child's ability to read substantial and often more challenging books for a longer period of time or in one sitting.

Relative clause

A relative clause is a type of subordinate clause. It is connected to the main clause by a relative pronoun such as 'that', 'which', 'who', 'whom' or 'whose'.

For example: I enjoyed the film that we saw last night.

Root word

A root word can stand on its own without suffixes or prefixes.

For example: 'teach' is the root word of 'teaching' and 'teacher'.

Compounds contain two root words.

For example: rain + bow = rainbow; white + board = whiteboard.

Activity: Grammar: Suffixes (Age 10–11)

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